Mission Control Center At The Manned Spacecraft Center Overall view of the Mission Operations Control Room in the Mission Control Center at the Manned Spacecraft Center, during the fourth television transmission from the Apollo 13 spacecraft while enroute to the Moon. Eugene F. Kranz (foreground, back to camera), one of four Apollo 13 Flight Directors, views the large screen at front of MOCR. Astronaut Fred W. Haise Jr., lunar module pilot, is seen on the screen. Shortly after the transmission ended and during a routine procedure that required the crew to flip a switch that stirred one of the cryogenic liquid oxygen tanks, an explosion occurred that ended any hope of a lunar landing and jeopardized the lives of the three crew members. Apollo 13 was the seventh manned mission in the American Apollo space program and the third intended to land on the Moon. The craft was launched on April 11, 1970, at 13:13 CST from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida, but the lunar landing was aborted after an oxygen tank exploded two days later, crippling the Service Module (SM) upon which the Command Module (CM) depended. Despite great hardship caused by limited power, loss of cabin heat, shortage of potable water, and the critical need to jury-rig the carbon dioxide removal system, the crew returned safely to Earth on April 17. The flight was commanded by James A. Lovell with John L. "Jack" Swigert as Command Module Pilot and Fred W. Haise as Lunar Module Pilot. Swigert was a late replacement for the original CM pilot Ken Mattingly, who was grounded by the flight surgeon after exposure to German measles. (Public Domain Photo)
Reprinted By Permission From OnThisDay.com
Today in History in 1860 the first Pony Express reached Sacramento, California; in 1954 Hank Aaron played his first game with the Milwaukee Braves; and in 1970 Apollo 13 announced “Houston, we’ve got a problem!” as the Beech-built oxygen tank exploded enroute to the Moon.
Our on this day in history archives contain over 200,000 events, birthdays and deaths from 6,000 years of history. Here is a roundup of a few of them:
1250 - The Seventh Crusade is defeated in Egypt, Louis IX of France is captured.
1598 - Edict of Nantes grants political rights to French Huguenots
1742 - George Frideric Handel's oratorio "Messiah" performed for the 1st time at New Music Hall in Dublin
1860 - 1st Pony Express reaches Sacramento Calif
1861 - After 34 hours of bombardment, Fort Sumter surrenders to Confederates (US Civil War)
1865 - Battle of Raleigh, NC
1868 - Abyssinian War ends as British and Indian troops capture Magdala and Ethiopian Emperor commits suicide
1896 - John Philip Sousa's "El Capitan" premieres at the Tremont Theatre in Boston
1902 - J C (James Cash) Penney opens his first store in Kemmerer, Wyoming
1943 - FDR dedicates Jefferson Memorial
1954 - Milwaukee Braves' Hank Aaron's 1st game
1962 - Stan Musial scores his 1,869th run, a new NL record
1963 - Pete Rose triples for his 1st major league base hit
1970 - Apollo 13 announces "Houston, we've got a problem!" as Beech-built oxygen tank explodes en route to Moon
1984 - Pete Rose becomes 1st NL to get get 4,000 hits in a career
2004 - Barry Bonds hits his 661st career home run, passing Willie Mays on the all-time list
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