The Franklin Institute is a science museum and center of science education and research in Philadelphia. It is named in honor of the noted American scientist and statesman Benjamin Franklin, and houses the Benjamin Franklin National Memorial. Founded in 1824, the Franklin Institute is one of the oldest centers of science education and development in the United States. (Public Domain Photo)
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Today in History in 1682 William Penn founded Philadelphia; in 1873 Susan B. Anthony was fined $100 for voting for the President; and in 1930 Groundbreaking ceremonies for the Franklin Institute were held in Philadelphia.
Our on this day in history archives contain over 200,000 events, birthdays and deaths from 6,000 years of history. Here is a roundup of a few of them:
618 - Coronation of the Chinese governor Li Yuan as Emperor Gaozu of Tang, the new Emperor of China, initiating three centuries of the Tang Dynasty's rule over China.
1682 - William Penn founds Philadelphia, US
1812 - War of 1812 begins as US declares war against Britain
1815 - Battle of Waterloo; Napoleon and France defeated by British forces under Wellington and Prussian troops under Blucher
1873 - Susan B. Anthony fined $100 for voting for President
1912 - The Chicago national Republican Convention splits between President Taft and Theodore Roosevelt; after Taft is nominated, Roosevelt and progressive elements of the Party form the Progressive Party (also known as the 'Bull Moose Party')
1928 - American aviator Amelia Earhart becomes the 1st woman to fly across the Atlantic Ocean landing at Burry Port, Wales
1930 - Groundbreaking ceremonies for the Franklin Institute held.
1940 - Winston Churchill's "this was their finest hour" speech urging perseverance during Battle of Britain delivered to British House of Commons
1948 - UN Commission on Human Rights adopts Intl Decl of Human Rights
1996 - Ted Kaczynski, suspected of being the Unabomber, is indicted on ten criminal counts.
2014 - Ian McKellen is awarded an honorary degree by Cambridge University, becoming a Doctor of Letters
1886 - George Mallory, England, mountain climber ("because it is there")
1913 - Sammy Cahn, lyricist (3 Coins in a Fountain)